Lifehacks

How to install operating systems on a new machine without OS

Obtain OS X

You’ll be able to set up OS X Lion, Mountain Lion, Mavericks, Yosemite, or El Capitan right into a digital machine in your Mac laptop. Earlier than you get began with the obtain technique, it’s good to seize a replica of the OS X installer from the App Retailer.

To do that, open the App Retailer and obtain your model of OS X. In my instance, I’m working El Capitan, so that’s what I’ll obtain. It’s listed on the correct hand facet within the checklist of hyperlinks.

Click on the Obtain button and the set up app might be downloaded to your Functions folder in OS X. The obtain might be a number of GBs in measurement, so it may take some time for the obtain to finish.

Video

Step 5: Set Up Your Motherboards BIOS

The BIOS is mainly a settings web page on your motherboard. To enter the BIOS alone laptop’s Gigabyte P67A-D3-B3 motherboard, I’ve to press the delete key when it boots (earlier than the working system begins). Totally different producers set totally different keys for opening the BIOS. The preliminary display is proven within the first image.NOTE: When you have a more moderen Gigabyte motherboard that makes use of the UEFI interface as a substitute of BIOS, take a look at my information for establishing the UEFI as a substitute (I’ll submit a information about motherboards with UEFI quickly). In case your Hackintosh already has Mac OS X Snow Leopard or Lion put in, the one factor you will want to vary within the BIOS is the “Boot Gadget”, in order that the iAtkos installer has highest precedence. In case your Hackintosh does not have Snow Leopard or Lion put in but, it’s a must to change just a few additional BIOS settings. Earlier than beginning, reset your whole BIOS settings to their manufacturing unit defaults. On Gigabyte motherboards, you may reset your BIOS settings to their default by deciding on “Load Optimized Defaults” on the principle web page of the BIOS. As soon as your BIOS is working on its defaults, it’s good to change these three settings:Boot Gadget – For those who’re utilizing an iAtkos USB drive, change the boot system of your laptop in order that “USB-HDD” is first. For those who’re utilizing an iAtkos DVD, change “CDROM” to first. It’s essential to do that for iAtkos to work. After you end putting in Mac OS X, it is best to change this setting again to default, in order that “Laborious Disk” is the primary boot system (this elective, however it is going to pace up your boot occasions) (this step is proven within the second image).HPET – Change this to 64-bit (this step is proven within the third image).SATA Management Mode (your BIOS may name this a special identify) – This may most likely already be set to “SATA”, “IDE”, or “RAID”. Change it to “AHCI”. Mac OS X solely works with AHCI (this step is proven within the fourth image). Needless to say the BIOS on most motherboards don’t assist utilizing a mouse, so you will most likely must navigate by means of the BIOS with the arrow keys in your keyboard. Press “Enter” to vary a specific possibility within the BIOS. On my Gigabyte motherboard, I’ve to press F10 to avoid wasting my adjustments.

2. Use Terminal

Upon getting your bootable installer prepared, it is time to transfer to the subsequent step. Join the USB flash drive to the pc you want to set up macOS. Select ‘Finder’ then choose ‘Go’ from the menu bar. Click on ‘Utilities’, then ‘Terminal’.

Within the subsequent step, you will enter a command in Terminal. The command differs, relying on the macOS model you are going to set up. With every command, it is assumed the installer is positioned in your ‘Functions’ folder and ‘MyVolume’ is the identify of the USB flash drive. Change the identify within the command to match your settings, if needed. 

For macOS Huge Sur, copy and paste the next into Terminal: 

For macOS Catalina:

For macOS Mojave:

For macOS Excessive Sierra:

For OS X El Capitan:

Tips on how to set up macOS on the PC

You are now prepared to start the set up. Let’s proceed:

10. Plug within the USB stick on which you put in Unibeast and restart your PC. It ought to now boot into Unibeast and provide the possibility of which drive to put in from. Use your PC’s arrow keys to navigate to ‘Exterior’ and press ‘Enter.’ The macOS installer ought to now begin.

11. In the case of deciding on the drive on to which you need to set up macOS, there could also be no choices to select from.

If that is the case, click on the Utilities menu and, when Disk Utility opens, select the onerous drive you need to set up macOS on and click on the Erase tab. Make certain Mac OS Prolonged (Journaled) is chosen and the Scheme is about to GUID Partition Map, then click on Erase. When the drive has erased, stop Disk Utility and the drive needs to be out there to pick out from the installer.

12. Choose the drive and step by means of the installer till macOS begins putting in itself. After half an hour or so, it is going to end. When it is executed, restart your PC, with the USB drive nonetheless plugged in. This time, the Unibeast boot menu will show the macOS boot disk. Choose it and your PC will boot into macOS.

As soon as it is put in, launch Multibeast and configure your settings.

Putting in macOS on a PC is a hack, therefore the identify Hackintosh. As such, it is not formally supported by anybody. The information above will work most often, if it does not, you will discover assist here.

Step 1: Necessities

An current Home windows laptop/Mac/Hackintosh: That is the pc the place you’ll obtain and arrange iAtkos. Both Home windows or Mac OS X will work. For those who’re utilizing a Home windows laptop, it must have a DVD/Bluray burner (nearly each DVD/Bluray drive these days can act as a burner, too). – A Hackintosh-compatible laptop with 10 GB+ of free house: That is the pc the place you’ll set up OS X Mountain Lion. It may be the identical laptop because the one talked about within the earlier level. In case your laptop already has Mac OS X Lion put in, iAtkos will simply replace Lion to Mountain Lion usually, with out deleting any of your apps or information. Nonetheless, not each laptop will work with Mac OS X. Be sure you learn the Hackintosh compatibility information (might be posted quickly) very rigorously, to verify whether or not or not your laptop qualifies. Additionally, OS X Mountain Lion takes up about 10 GB of house on its preliminary set up, so the pc the place you put in Mac OS X will need to have at the very least 10 GB of house in its onerous drive. Nonetheless, that is solely the naked minimal; when you plan to put in Mac OS X for day-to-day use, I like to recommend allocating at the very least 50 GB of house. It is most well-liked that you simply use a totally empty onerous drive for this, but when your laptop already has Home windows put in in your onerous drive, you’ll want to create an acceptable onerous disk partition for OS X Mountain Lion beforehand (by following Step 1 of my information to MBR partitions) (might be posted quickly). – iAtkos ML2 (Free): iAtkos is by far the most well-liked distro of OS X Mountain Lion. I will not go into particulars, however you may obtain it from nearly any bittorrent web site by using a bittorent client (it is about 5 GB in measurement). The usual technique of putting in Mountain Lion on a PC requires you to switch a retail copy of OS X Mountain Lion with Unibeast, however iAtkos already does all of this for you. On this information, you’ll write iAtkos onto a USB drive or DVD, and boot your laptop from iAtkos to put in Mac OS X. This information describes the way to set up iAtkos ML2. You can too use iAtkos ML3, an up to date model that solely works with motherboards with UEFI (a information relating to motherboards with UEFI might be posted quickly). For those who’re unsure which model to make use of, simply use ML2. – A dual-layer DVD, Bluray disc, or empty USB drive (8 GB or bigger): If you’re establishing iAtkos from Home windows, it’s a must to write iAtkos onto a dual-layer DVD or Bluray disc (regular DVDs do not work as a result of iAtkos is barely too giant). Nonetheless, when you’re establishing iAtkos from Mac OS X, you need to use a 8 GB or bigger USB drive as a substitute of a dual-layer DVD. You have to to erase all the information in your USB drive beforehand, so make sure that to again up its contents first. You’ll be able to reuse this USB drive for regular stuff after you end putting in Mountain Lion. You can’t write iAtkos onto a USB drive from a Home windows laptop. For those who actually need to use a USB drive from Home windows, set up Mountain Lion on a digital machine (a more moderen information for this might be posted quickly) and arrange an iAtkos USB drive on there as a substitute. Be sure you set up the VirtualBox Extension Pack to view USB drives out of your digital machine. – TransMac ($48, 2-week free trial): For those who’re utilizing a Home windows laptop to arrange iAtkos, it’s good to use TransMac to put in writing (“burn”) the iAtkos disk picture file onto your dual-layer DVD or Bluray disc. You do not truly must buy TransMac; the free trial works nice. – Carbon Copy Cloner ($40, 2-week free trial): For those who’re utilizing a Mac to arrange iAtkos, it’s good to use Carbon Copy Cloner to put in writing the iAtkos disk picture file onto your USB drive. You need not truly buy Carbon Copy Cloner; the free trial works nice. – Multibeast (Free): Multibeast is a group of kext information (might be talked about later) that your Hackintosh might want to run correctly, after the preliminary set up. For those who’re utilizing a Mac to arrange iAtkos, additionally, you will want Multibeast earlier than the preliminary set up. Be sure you obtain the latest model 5 of Multibeast, not the older variations 3 or 4 (that are for Snow Leopard and Lion, respectively).

Putting in or upgrading Home windows

To begin the Home windows set up or improve course of, it’s good to configure your laptop in addition from a CD or DVD earlier than booting to the onerous drive. Altering the boot course of forces the pc to search for the Home windows set up disc earlier than booting from the hard drive.

  1. Open the CMOS setup.
  1. Change the pc’s boot order. Set the CD, DVD, or disc drive as the primary boot system if you’re attempting in addition from a disc. Or, set the primary boot system to your USB drive when you’re attempting in addition from a USB thumb drive. If the drive shouldn’t be proven, preserve the disc is inserted and reboot the pc. With the disc within the drive, BIOS ought to acknowledge and embody it within the checklist.
  2. Save the settings change and exit BIOS.

Upon getting up to date the boot order, you may start the Home windows set up course of.

  1. Place the Home windows disc within the CD/DVD drive or USB thumb drive into the again of the pc.
  2. Activate or restart the computer. As the pc begins up, it ought to detect the set up disc or drive and present a message much like Press any key in addition from CD. Press any key on the keyboard to have the pc boot from the Home windows disc or drive.
  3. After the Home windows set up begins, there are a number of prompts that it’s good to reply. Choose both Sure or the suitable possibility to put in Home windows.
Set up Be aware

Be sure you choose the Full Set up possibility and never the Restore or Improve possibility.

Improve Be aware

If you’re upgrading to a more moderen model of Home windows, choose the Improve possibility as a substitute of the Full Set up possibility.

  1. When requested which partition to put in Home windows onto, choose the principle partition, often the C: drive or one labeled "Unallocated partition". If upgrading Home windows, choose the prevailing set up of Home windows on the onerous drive.
  2. Chances are you’ll be requested if you wish to erase all contents on the onerous drive, then set up Home windows. We suggest you select this selection, because it additionally codecs the onerous drive to permit the Home windows working system to be put in.
Tip

You need to use the erase all contents choice to uninstall an current model of Home windows on the onerous drive, then set up Home windows once more.

  1. The pc could must restart a number of occasions in the course of the Home windows set up course of. The restarts are regular and if prompted to restart, choose the Sure possibility.
  2. When the set up course of is almost full, the Home windows configuration possibility screens are proven. On these screens, it’s possible you’ll be requested to pick out the time zone you reside in, your most well-liked language, and the account’s identify you utilize to entry Home windows. Choose the suitable choices and enter the suitable info on every configuration display.

The Home windows set up course of is accomplished when the pc prompts you to log in or when it hundreds into Home windows.

Configure PXE server

In addition from LAN, it’s good to have a PXE server, a DHCP server, and a server to share information. You simply want a pc to do all this.

AIO Boot makes use of Tiny PXE Server to create PXE server and DHCP server. Run AIOCreator.exe, choose Run PXE and choose mode to run Tiny PXE Server.

AIO Boot uses iPXE as boot loader, which supports
AIO Boot makes use of iPXE as boot loader, which helps each legacy BIOS and UEFI (32-bit and 64-bit) modes.

Tiny PXE Server will run and be preconfigured.

If the configuration shouldn’t be appropriate, reconfigure it.

  1. Choice 54 (DHCP Server): The IP tackle of the pc working Tiny PXE Server. This checklist incorporates the IP addresses of community adapters (together with VirtualBox and VMware). It’s essential to choose the right IP tackle in the identical native space community of the purchasers.
  2. Filename: Boot file of iPXE, you may select one other boot file within the /AIO folder if the present file doesn’t work on the shopper.
    • Legacyundionly.kpxeundionly.kkpxeipxe.pxe and intel.pxe.
    • UEFI 64-bitipxe64.efisnponly64.efi and intel64.efi.
    • UEFI 32-bitipxe32.efisnponly32.efi and intel32.efi.
  3. After reconfiguring, click on the Offline and On-line buttons for the adjustments to take impact.

For Linux distributions like Ubuntu, Debian, I take advantage of FreeNFS to create NFS servers. You do not want any additional configuration.

Set up Home windows 7

Set up Home windows 7.

Windows 7 is without doubt one of the easiest-to-install Home windows working techniques. You are solely requested just a few vital questions in the course of the set up—a lot of the setup course of is totally automated.

Like with different variations of Home windows, the "clear" or "customized" technique of putting in Home windows 7 is the neatest option to go, in comparison with an "improve" set up or the much less frequent "parallel" set up.

This 34-step tutorial will stroll you thru each particular person step of the method.

Tips on how to create USB for clear set up of Home windows 10

You have to a USB bootable media to carry out a clear set up of Home windows 10. You’ll be able to simply create one utilizing many instruments, together with the Microsoft Media Creation Instrument and Rufus.

Create Home windows 10 USB with Media Creation Instrument

To create an set up media utilizing the Media Creation Instrument, join a USB flash drive of at the very least 8GB of house, and use these steps:

  1. Open the Windows 10 download page.
  2. Below the “Create Home windows 10 set up media” part, click on the Obtain device now button to avoid wasting the file on the pc.
  3. Double-click the MediaCreationToolxxxx.exe file to launch the device.
  4. Click on the Settle for button to conform to the Microsoft phrases.
  5. Choose the Create set up media (USB flash drive, DVD, or ISO file) for one more PC possibility.

    Source: Windows CentralSupply: Home windows Central

  6. Click on the Subsequent button.
  7. (Elective) Clear the Use the beneficial choices for this PC possibility.
  8. Choose the right language, structure, and version of Home windows 10.

    Source: Windows CentralSupply: Home windows Central

  9. Click on the Subsequent button.

    Source: Windows CentralSupply: Home windows Central

  10. Click on the Subsequent button.

    Source: Windows CentralSupply: Home windows Central

  11. Choose the USB flash drive (or click on the “Refresh drive checklist” choice to make it out there).

    Source: Windows CentralSupply: Home windows Central

  12. Click on the Subsequent button.
  13. Click on the End button.

When you full the steps, the device will obtain the information and create an installer with the most recent set up information, which you’ll be able to then use to begin the system and configure a contemporary copy of Home windows 10.

Create Home windows 10 USB with Rufus

Alternatively, the Rufus device might help you create an set up media for computer systems with UEFI or BIOS firmware.

Rufus is a free device with many choices that will help you create a bootable media of Home windows 10 quicker. Nonetheless, it is vital to do not forget that it is a third-party possibility, which Microsoft doesn’t assist. In consequence, use it at your personal threat.

To create a Home windows 10 USB installer with Rufus, join a USB flash drive of at the very least 8GB of house, after which use these steps:

  1. Open the Rufus download page.
  2. Below the “Obtain” part, click on the hyperlink to avoid wasting the most recent launch on the pc.

    Source: Windows CentralSupply: Home windows Central

  3. Double-click the Rufus-x.xx.exe file to launch the device.
  4. Click on the Settings button (third button from the left) on the backside of the web page.

    Source: Windows CentralSupply: Home windows Central

  5. Below the “Settings” part, use the Verify for updates drop-down menu and choose the Day by day possibility.

    Source: Windows CentralSupply: Home windows Central

    Fast tip: These steps are essential to allow the choice to make use of the device to obtain the ISO file of Home windows 10.

  6. Click on the Shut button.
  7. Shut the Rufus device.
  8. Relaunch the Rufus device.
  9. Below the “Gadget” part, use the drop-down menu to pick out the USB flash drive.
  10. Below the “Boot choice” part, click on the down arrow button on the correct and choose the Obtain possibility.

    Source: Windows CentralSupply: Home windows Central

    Fast tip: If you have already got an ISO file, click on the Choose button, select the Home windows 10 ISO file, and proceed with step 24.

  11. Click on the Obtain button.
  12. Use the “Model” drop-down menu and choose the Home windows 10 possibility.
  13. Click on the Proceed button.
  14. Choose the 21H2 (Construct 19044.xxx – xxxx.xx) choice to obtain the Windows 10 November 2021 Update.

    Source: Windows CentralSupply: Home windows Central

  15. Click on the Proceed button.
  16. Use the “Version” drop-down menu and choose the Home windows 10 Residence/Professional possibility.
  17. Click on the Proceed button.
  18. Use the “Language” drop-down menu and choose the set up language.

    Fast tip: In the US, select the “English” possibility, not “English Worldwide.”

  19. Click on the Proceed button.
  20. Use the “Structure” drop-down menu and choose the 32-bit or 64-bit (beneficial).
  21. Click on the Obtain button.
  22. Choose the situation to obtain the ISO file.
  23. Click on the Save button.
  24. Use the “Picture possibility” drop-down menu to pick out the Normal Home windows set up possibility.
  25. Use the “Partition scheme” drop-down menu to pick out the GPT possibility.
  26. Use the “Goal system” drop-down menu to pick out the UEFI (non CSM) possibility.

    Source: Windows CentralSupply: Home windows Central

    Fast be aware: If the pc features a legacy BIOS, choose the MBR possibility for partition scheme and BIOS (or UEFI-CSM) possibility goal system.

  27. Below the “Present Superior drive properties” part, do not change the default settings.
  28. (Elective) Below the “Quantity label” subject, enter a descriptive identify for the drive — for instance, “win10_usb.”
  29. Below the “File system” and “Cluster measurement” sections, do not change the default settings.
  30. Click on the Present superior format choices button.
  31. Choose the Fast format and Create prolonged label and icon information choices.
  32. Click on the Begin button.
  33. Click on the OK button to substantiate.
  34. Click on the Shut button.

After you full the steps, Rufus will obtain the ISO file from the Microsoft servers, and it will create the bootable media to carry out a clear set up of Home windows 10.

Tips on how to full setup after set up of Home windows 10

As soon as the set up is full, it is also good to verify that Home windows 10 is not lacking any essential updates or drivers and is correctly activated.

Set up updates

To obtain and set up the most recent updates, use these steps:

  1. Open Settings.
  2. Click on on Replace & Safety.
  3. Click on on Home windows Replace.
  4. Click on the Verify for updates button.

    Source: Windows CentralSupply: Home windows Central

When you full the steps, any out there updates will robotically obtain and set up. Additionally, a restart could also be required to finish the replace course of.

Verify lacking drivers

To find out whether or not drivers are lacking on Home windows 10, use these steps:

  1. Open Begin.
  2. Seek for Gadget Supervisor and click on the highest consequence to open the app.
  3. Verify that not one of the gadgets has a yellow or crimson mark, and ensure nothing is listed as unknown.

    Source: Windows CentralSupply: Home windows Central

If some {hardware} has issues, it’s possible you’ll must manually set up the most recent drivers out of your laptop producer’s assist web site. You need to use this information to install device drivers on Windows 10.

Set up lacking drivers

On Home windows 10, drivers will also be a part of the elective updates. If the pc does not have all of the required drivers, you could possibly obtain them from Home windows Replace.

To obtain lacking drivers on Home windows 10, use these steps:

  1. Open Settings.
  2. Click on on Replace & Safety.
  3. Click on on Home windows Replace.
  4. Click on the View elective updates possibility. If the choice is not out there, it signifies that Home windows Replace does not have any driver updates for the pc.

    Source: Windows CentralSupply: Home windows Central

  5. Click on the Driver updates part.
  6. Choose the lacking driver.

    Source: Windows CentralSupply: Home windows Central

  7. Click on the Obtain and set up button.

After you full the steps, Home windows Replace will obtain and set up the lacking drivers robotically.

Verify activation

To verify Home windows 10 was activated appropriately, use these steps:

  1. Open Settings.
  2. Click on on Replace & Safety.
  3. Click on on Activation.
  4. If Home windows 10 is activated efficiently, you will notice certainly one of these messages:

    • Home windows is activated with a digital license: The set up has been activated, but it surely is not linked to your Microsoft account.
    • Home windows is activated with a digital license linked to your Microsoft account: The set up has been activated, and the license is linked to your Microsoft account.

    Source: Windows CentralSupply: Home windows Central

In case Home windows 10 did not activate, the system will attempt to reactivate at a later time. For those who’re nonetheless having points after a few days, you need to use the Activation Troubleshooter to activate.

Restore information from backup

The very last thing left to do is to revive your paperwork from backup. For those who beforehand configured file backup with OneDrive, the info ought to already be out there contained in the OneDrive folder, but when the app did not configure robotically, you can use this guide.

When you have a backup of your information on an exterior drive, reconnect the storage to revive the info into the default folders (Paperwork, Downloads, Photos, and so on.).

To revive information from backup on Home windows 10, use these steps:

  1. Open File Explorer.
  2. Below the This PC part within the left pane, choose the exterior drive with the file backup.
  3. Choose the folders with the file to revive.
  4. Click on the Copy to menu from the “Residence” tab.

    Source: Windows CentralSupply: Home windows Central

  5. Choose the Select location possibility.
  6. Choose the vacation spot to revive the information — for instance, the Paperwork folder.
  7. Click on the Copy button.

After you full the steps, the information will restore to the brand new location.

Though you can begin a clear set up utilizing the Media Creation Instrument with no USB media and even the “Reset this PC” possibility from the restoration settings, these strategies have their limitations and don’t at all times work as anticipated. The bootable media is the choice if you would like the absolute best clear set up technique.

Tags

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *