How to ‘Ctrl-F’ a UNIX terminal window


Create a new desk Shift + Search = + =
Switch to a desk on the left or right Search [ + [ or ] (left or right square bracket)
Switch to a specific desk Shift + Search + [desk position number]
Move a window to a different desk Shift + Search [ + [ or ] (left or right square bracket)
Move a window to all desks Shift + Search a + a
View all windows in your desk Alt + Tab
View a different window in your desk Hold Alt and press Tab
View a different window in your current desk Select Current desk
View windows across all desks Select All desks


Additional keyboard shortcuts


  • F6: Go to the next pane or frame in your Word window. You can use this to navigate the window without using your mouse.
  • Shift+F6: Go to the previous pane or frame.
  • Ctrl+F6: Go to the next open document window.
  • Ctrl+Shift+F6: Go to the previous open document window.

CTRL Shortcuts From A-Z:

CTRL + A = Select text CTRL + B = Bold text CTRL + C = Copy text CTRL + D = Open font formatting window CTRL + E = Center text CTRL + F = Find a phrase CTRL + G = Go To a specific page or bookmark CTRL + H = Replace text with another text or replace text with different formatting CTRL + I = Italicize text CTRL + J = Justify text CTRL + K = Open Insert Hyperlink window CTRL + L = Left align text CTRL + M = Indent a paragraph from the left CTRL + N = Open new Word document CTRL + O = Open an existing Word document CTRL + P = Print Word document CTRL + Q = Remove paragraph formatting CTRL + R = Right align text CTRL + S = Save Word document CTRL + T = Create a hanging indent CTRL + U = Underline text CTRL + V = Paste text CTRL + W = Close Word document CTRL + X = Cut text CTRL + Y = Redo an action previously undone OR repeat an action CTRL + Z = Undo a previous action


  • F3: Expand an AutoText entry. Type at least the first four letters in the name of your AutoText entry and then press F3 to expand it to the full text.
  • Alt+F3: Create an AutoText entry from selected text.
  • Shift+F3: Change the case of selected text. Pressing this combo repeatedly cycles through the following case styles: Initial Letter Case, ALL CAPS CASE, and lower case.
  • Ctrl+F3: Cut selected text to the Spike. You can cut as much text as you want this way and it all accumulates on the Spike.
  • Ctrl+Shift+F3: Insert the contents of the Spike. Performing this action also clears any text in the Spike.

File Explorer Shortcuts

  • Select the address bar: ALT + D
  • Select the Search box: CTRL + E or CTRL + F
  • Open a new window: CTRL + N
  • Close the active window: CTRL + W
  • Change the size and appearance of the file and folder icons: CTRL + Mouse scroll wheel
  • Display all folders above the selected folder: CTRL + SHIFT + E
  • Create a new folder: CTRL + SHIFT + N
  • Display subfolders under the selected folder: NUM LOCK + Asterisk (*)
  • Display contents of the selected folder: NUM LOCK + Plus (+)
  • Collapse the selected folder: NUM LOCK + Minus (-)
  • Show preview panel: ALT + P
  • View next folder: ALT + Right arrow
  • View the location folder: ALT + Up arrow
  • View previous folder: ALT + Left arrow or Backspace
  • Display current selection if collapsed, or select first subfolder: Right arrow
  • Open the next menu to the left or close a submenu: Left arrow
  • Display bottom of the active window: End key
  • Display top of the active window: Home key
  • Minimize or maximize active window: F11

The desktop: Windows, Snap Assist and virtual desktops

These shortcuts control how individual windows act on your desktop, including virtual desktops.

  • Windows key + M: Minimize all open windows.
  • Windows key + Shift + M: Restore minimized windows.
  • Windows key + Home: Minimize all windows except the selected or currently active window.
  • Windows key + Up arrow: Maximize selected window.
  • Windows key + Shift + Up arrow: Maximizes the active window vertically while maintaining its width.
  • Windows key + Down arrow: Minimize selected window.
  • Windows key + Left arrow: Snap selected window to the left half of the screen.
  • Windows key + Right arrow: Snap selected window to the right half of the screen.
  • Windows key + Alt + Up: Snap selected window to top half of the screen.
  • Windows key + Alt + Down: Snap selected window to bottom half of the screen.
  • Windows key + Shift + Left arrow or Right arrow: Move selected window to the left or right monitor.
  • Windows key + Tab: Open Task view (virtual desktops).
  • Windows key + Ctrl + D: Add new virtual desktop.
  • Windows key + Ctrl + Right arrow: Move to the next virtual desktop (to the right).
  • Windows key + Ctrl + Left arrow: Move to the previous virtual desktop (to the left).
  • Windows key + Ctrl + F4: Close current virtual desktop.

Game Bar Shortcuts

  • Open Game bar when a game is open: Windows + G
  • Record the last 30 seconds: Windows + ALT + G
  • Start/Stop recording: Windows + ALT + R
  • Take screenshot of the game: Windows + ALT + PRINT SCREEN
  • Show/Hide recording timer: Windows + ALT + T
  • Turn microphone on/off: Windows + ALT + M
  • Start/Stop broadcasting: Windows + ALT + B
  • Show camera while broadcasting: Windows + ALT + W

Start menu and taskbar

You can use these keyboard shortcuts to open, close and otherwise control the Start menu and the taskbar.

  • Windows key or Ctrl + Esc: Open Start menu.
  • Windows key + X: Open the secret Start menu.
  • Windows key + T: Cycle through the apps (including pinned apps) on the taskbar.
  • Windows key + [Number]: Open the app pinned in the [number] position on the taskbar. For example, if you have Edge pinned in the first position on the taskbar and you click Windows key + 1, Edge will open. If the app is already open, a new instance or window will open.
  • Windows key + Alt + [Number]: Open the right-click menu for the app pinned in the [number] position on the taskbar.
  • Windows key + D: Show or hide desktop (Windows key + , will display the desktop briefly).

Other CTRL Shortcuts

CTRL + ] = Increase size of selected text by one point CTRL + [ = Decrease size of selected text by one point CTRL + SHIFT+ > = Increase font sizeCTRL + SHIFT + < = Decrease font sizeCTRL + 1 = Single-space linesCTRL + 2 = Double-space linesCTRL + 5 = 1.5 space linesCTRL + 0 = Add/remove one line space preceding a paragraphCTRL + Left Arrow = Move one word to the leftCTRL + Right Arrow = Move one word to the rightCTRL + Up Arrow = Move one paragraph upCTRL + Down Arrow =Move one paragraph downCTRL + Page Up = Go to the top of previous pageCTRL + Page Down = Go to the top of next pageCTRL + END = Go to the end of documentCTRL + HOME = Go to the beginning of documentCTRL + ENTER = Page breakCTRL + DELETE = Delete one word to the rightCTRL + BACKSPACE = Delete one word to the leftCTRL + TAB = Insert a Tab characterCTRL + ALT + C = Copyright symbolCTRL + ALT + R = Registered trademark symbolCTRL + ALT + T = Trademark symbolCTRL + ALT + M = Insert a commentCTRL + ALT + I = Switch in or out of print preview

There are more CTRL shortcuts than what I have mentioned above. Hope these shortcuts are helpful to you and hope you can apply them the next time you use Microsoft Word.

This article is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge. Content is for informational or entertainment purposes only and does not substitute for personal counsel or professional advice in business, financial, legal, or technical matters.

Windows Help viewer keyboard shortcuts

The following table contains keyboard shortcuts for working with the Help viewer. Press this key To do this Alt + C Display the Table of Contents Alt + N Display the Connection Settings menu F10 Display the Options menu Alt + Left Arrow Move back to the previously viewed topic Alt + Right Arrow Move forward to the next (previously viewed) topic Alt + A Display the customer support page Alt + Home Display the Help and Support home page Home Move to the beginning of a topic End Move to the end of a topic Ctrl + F Search the current topic Ctrl + P Print a topic F3 Move the cursor to the search box


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