How to change a layer mask from white to black in Photoshop

Part 1: How to Create a Mask in Premiere

Do you know how to create Mask in Premiere? The shape tools and the pen tools help to create Adobe premiere mask.

By Using Shape Tools

There are two shape masks, a square and a circle in Premiere. You can add both the shape masks to your video clip very easily with just one click.

For adding Adobe Premiere mask to a clip, once you finish editing clips in your sequence, in Effects Panel, you need to find the Crop effect. Add the crop effect to your clip for masking.

Now, when the crop effect is added in the Effects Control, you can find the drop-down to reveal the controls and choose from the rectangle and circle tool.

Click on any of the shapes, and in the Media Viewer, the Premiere Pro mask will be added to your video clip.

If you are happy with the form, the mask shape and size can be changed even within the Media Viewer. You can remove a few parts within the shot for creating the cropping effect by using the Crop Percentage in the Effects Control Panel.

If you wish to ensure where the effect was applied, is it within the mask or outside it, use the inverted checkbox for designating the effect at the right place.

By Using Pen Tools

With pen tools, you can draw complicated masks around any object you wish to. It can be of any shape. Just draw the mask with the pen tool adding straight and curved lines.

When you use the Bezier path segment, it becomes easier for you to create smoother curves that give you greater control of the mask shape.

A straight line with two vertex points is the simplest path that the pen tool can draw. When you keep clicking, the path is created with straight consecutive lines shaped from two vertexes.

If you want to mask any video clip with any shape other than circle or square, the pen tool can be of great help. Directly draw on the media player over the video clip after selecting the pen tool.

One-click on the vertex point creates a corner point which gives a sharp angle to your shape. Using the handles, click and drag the point and create the curved edges.

Video

Part 3: More Creative Masks in Premiere

Blur Mask

If you are in a crowded area like Times Square and wish to hide a face or logo that is distracting your video clip, now you can do it instantly. You just need to Go to Effects and click on Gaussian Blur or Effects.

Next, from drop-down select Stylize, then, Mosaic, and finally apply it to your video clip. Once you do so, you need to go back to Effects Control and click on the Opacity tool to draw the mask around the parts of the clip to hide it. Inverting the mask lets you apply the mosaic or blur effect to the entire clip outside the masked line drawn.

Use Vignette

The Lumetri Color Panel lets you create a basic vignette, but for customizing the vignette, you need to click on the clip and then the opacity tools by clicking on Effect Control.

From the opacity tool, you may draw a mask and apply it for changing size, shape, opacity, and feather as per your preferred requirements.

You may also create Premiere Pro masked vignette by creating a new black video layer. If you want it to be a separate color, you may color it matte and place it above the layer of video and then mask the layer with any choice of shapes. You can adjust the expansion and feather by inverting the mask and adjusting it accordingly.

You may note that when you click on the “circle” video effect under Effects, then click on Generate, and Circle, work when placed on your black matte/video layer.

But it is not as effective as the use of the Mask, and it adds an extra step. The colors, effects, brightness, contrast, saturation, etc. enhancement can be done with the use of the effects and filters, just like the use of mosaic and blur.

Whatever effect you wish to add, drag it on your video clip, and mask the effect to the area you want to enhance.

HANDY HALFTONES

Get aged, lo-fi halftone shading better than anything on the market. Choose from the classic dot and line halftones that blend seamlessly together.

How to Create a Clipping Mask in Photoshop?

By using black and white colors, the layer mask allows revealing and hiding the particular areas of the layer. This type of mask uses the content and transparency of the bottom layer in order to control the visibility of the layer above.

To be precise, the layer below is the mask itself, while the upper layer is the one that is clipped to the base layer.

1. Create a Transparent File

Run "Photoshop." Select New… to create a new document. Next, upload a necessary image from your computer.

To create a transparent file, you need to open the “Background Controls” dropdown menu. Choose “Transparent” and click on “Create”.

2. Create a Shape and Fill It with Color

The easiest way to create a shape is to take advan

The easiest way to create a shape is to take advantage of the marquee tool (it is also called a selection tool or “marching ants”).

After you create a shape, you will need to fill it with the color.

4. Deselect

Click on “marching ants” again. Next,

Click on “marching ants” again. Next, you will need to get rid of your selection by clicking on the shape.

5. Add Your Image

Click on “File” and select “Plac

Click on “File” and select “Place Embedded” in the drop-down menu. Find the picture you want to work with and click on “Place”.

6. Create a Clipping Mask

Go to the top layer, right click on it, choose &ld

Go to the top layer, right click on it, choose “Create Clipping Mask.”

7. Adjust the Image Position

Readjust the photo until you like its position. To

Readjust the photo until you like its position. To change the size, press Ctrl + T. After that, select and hold down the Command + Shift key and drag the edges of the image in or out to achieve correct proportions.

8. Combine Layers

Select the photo layer, right click on it and choo

Select the photo layer, right click on it and choose “Merge Visible.”. You can also use shortcut Command + E.

9. Save the Image

Save the final result in PNG format in order not t

Save the final result in PNG format in order not to lose the transparency.

10. Enjoy the Final Result

      Address our clipping path service if you can

How to Use Clipping Mask IN PROCREATE

Clipping Masks are another great way to mask off a part of your image. In this example, I want to apply halftones to the top of the ink.

Begin by creating a new layer above the shape you are masking. Tap the new empty layer and tap Clipping Mask from the Layer Options menu.

Masks in Action

Now that you know how masks work and how to create them, let’s dive in and get a hands-on and create masking effects!

Vignette

A vignette is a nice use case for a mask, nice finishing steps for many compositions and help you direct the viewer’s eye to a specific part of the frame. What’s also great is that all you have to use is the shape tool!

  • First, go up to Layer > New > Solid or hit Ctrl + Y on your keyboard. We will create a solid layer.
  • Then, change the name and choose a dark color around your footage to create a realistic vignette. It doesn’t have to be pure black, just the darkest part of your footage.
  • As soon as you hit OK, we have a solid color covering the whole frame.
  • To solve that, let’s go up to our shape tool, long press on it and double-click the ellipse tool. It will actually create an elliptical mask that’s exactly the size of our layer.
  • Then, come down to mask properties and select invert.
  • From here on, we can start adjusting its mask properties. Let’s increase the mask feather and mask expansion. We can also even change the layer opacity to make our vignette more organic.
  • Then, we can tweak the mask points in our viewer. We can drag it and make it shrink or bigger, so as to make our vignette look natural.

And that’s it! You now have a vignette effect!

Advanced Masking Techniques

The information above is an absolute beginner’s guide to masks. Odds are, if you’ve been using Photoshop for a while, not a single piece of this was news to you. In fact, you may be thinking that masks are so incredibly simple that they barely merit conversation.

However, masking techniques go from simple to wickedly complex really fast. It’s easy enough to paint some broad strokes to erase large portions of an image, but what if you want to do something more complex? For instance, let’s say we want to take the cat below off of its white background.

Furry animals make particularly difficult masking subjects. All of that fine hair detail means making an accurate selection will be time consuming. The Magic Wand or even the Pen Tool are of no use to us here. So how do the pros start with the image above and create a mask like the one below?

If you’re ready to find out, keep reading as

If you’re ready to find out, keep reading as we undertake this feat!

Change the Channel

The good news about the cat image is that there is plenty of contrast to work with. The key to making a good mask is finding contrast and knowing how to pull it out. Here we have a fairly dark cat on a bright white background, which means all we have to do is figure out how to leverage our good fortune and convert the contrast already present into a suitable mask.

The first step in a project like this is to jump over to the Channels Palette and look for the channel with the most contrast. So in our case, we want the channel with the darkest cat and the brightest background, which turns out to be the blue channel.

Make a copy of the blue channel, select it and hit

Make a copy of the blue channel, select it and hit Command-L to bring up a Levels Adjustment. Darken the shadows and the midtones so that there is a crazy amount of contrast like in the image below. Be careful to no go too far with this adjustment. You’ll want to zoom in and watch the hair detail on the fringes of the fur to make sure you’re not clipping too much. It doesn’t have to be perfectly black and white at this point, some dark grays are acceptable.

At this point you encounter one of the trickiest s

At this point you encounter one of the trickiest steps of the entire process. The goal is to get as much of the cat as closest to black as you can. This is easy for the face potions and other random spots near the center, just grab a black brush and fill them in. But what about the edge of the hair?

It turns out one of the best ways to handle this task is to use a couple of unlikely candidates: the Dodge and Burn Tools. The reason these work so well is that they can accurately target certain ranges of gray extremely accurately. I set the Dodge Tool to target the highlights and the Burn Tool to target the shadows, grab a medium size soft brush and make my way around the edges of the image, burning shadows and dodging highlights until I like the level of detail that I’m seeing.

This may sound like a time-intensive task, and it

This may sound like a time-intensive task, and it can be for some images, but in truth the Dodge and Burn Tools feel like magic when you’re using them and take much of the work out. I was able to come up with a great looking silhouette in only a minute or two.

Once you’re done here, hit Command-Shift-I t

Once you’re done here, hit Command-Shift-I to inverse the channel so that the cat is white and the background is black like in the image below. Remember that, in masking, white is opaque and black is transparent.

Converting the Channel to a Mask

Converting the Channel to a Mask

Now that we have a channel that accurately represents what we want from a mask, how do we convert it? There are a few ways to do this but the easiest is just to Command-click on the channel to load a selection. With a selection loaded, return to your cat layer and click the New Mask button. That’s all there is to it!

Defringing the Mask

Defringing the Mask

As you can see, despite a super detailed mask, we still have some white fringing occurring around the edges. Getting rid of this can literally take hours of tedious work if you don’t know what you’re doing. For starters, we can use the fantastic new Masks Palette in conjunction with Refine Edge to make some live adjustments to our mask.

Utilizing these tools properly takes practice. I w

Utilizing these tools properly takes practice. I won’t cover them closely now because it would take so much time but I encourage you to dig in and play with all of the controls to get a feel for what they do. Often, you can patch up a rough edge in seconds with these sliders, but with our cat project I wasn’t really getting any results that I liked so I cancelled out this operation altogether.

Instead, I went to the Layer menu at the top of the screen and selected Matting>Color Decontaminate. This is an almost hidden command that has the ability to yield some amazing results. As you can see in the image below, it went a long way toward reducing our halo. Note that this command is actually destructive so you should always duplicate your layer before using it.

From here, the last trick I use is to look for pro

From here, the last trick I use is to look for problematic areas and actually run the clone brush over the fringes. The mask keeps everything looking nice and cloning replaces unnatural colors with those from the actual fur of the cat in other places. Compare the back and head of the cat in the image below to that above to see the improvement.

Finishing Up

Finishing Up

From here it becomes a factor of how much time you want to spend refining your result. With complicated masks like these there is always room for improvement but you’ll find that the point of diminishing returns on your time spent becomes easier and easier to spot as your skill level improves.

The technique we just discussed is just to give yo

The technique we just discussed is just to give you a taste of how advanced masking can become. There are a ton of different types of images to mask and therefore a million different tricks and techniques to figure out along the way which can be mixed and matched on a per-project basis. Practice makes perfect, just be bold and never become intimidated by a masking job that seems too complex. Think through the process one step at a time and find ways to pull out the detail you need.

Rendering Your Video

The last thing you would do would be to render your final effects. Rendering in After Effects is pretty simple.

  • All you have to do is navigate up to Files, go down to Export and select Add to Render Queue.
  • Immediately, you will be delivered to the render queue timeline at the bottom. From there, select the name of your video (the one highlighted with blue).
  • A file explorer will open, and from here, select the destination you want your file to be placed. As you’ve noticed, there’s only one file format After Effects has, and that is AVI. \
  • After selecting the destination, hit Render at the right.

And that’s it!

After Effects is tailored for motion graphics and VFX. That’s why it has many tools to offer that would make your work flow a lot smoother.

Learning how to mask, how it works, and creating them in After Effects will surely give you a head start. Even if you don’t have any motion graphics experience, your stepping stone to up-skilling is using masks!

With masks, anything is possible. Familiarize the tools by going through the settings again and again until everything’s up to muscle memory. Motion graphics is an art, and it takes a huge amount of patience and dedication to make a wonderful one!

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